Oberwolfach References on Mathematical Software

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Risa/Asir is a general computer algebra system and also a tool for various computation in mathematics and engineering. The development of Risa/Asir started in 1989 at FUJITSU. Binaries have been freely available since 1994 and now the source code is also free. Currently Kobe distribution is the most active branch of its development. We characterize Risa/Asir as follows: (1) An environment for large scale and efficient polynomial computation. (2) A platform for parallel and distributed computation based on OpenXM protocols.

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SAGE is a framework for number theory, algebra, and geometry computation. It is open source and freely available under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). SAGE is a Python library with a customized interpreter. It is written in Python, C++, and C (via Pyrex). Python (http://www.python.org) is an open source object-oriented interpreted language, with a large number of libraries, e.g., for numerical analysis, which are available to users of SAGE. Python can also be accessed in library mode from C/C++ programs. SAGE provides an interface to several important open source libraries, including Cremona’s MWRANK library for computing with elliptic curves, the PARI library (pari.math.u-bordeaux.fr) for number theory, Shoup’s number theory library NTL (http://www.shoup.net/ntl/), SINGULAR (http://www.singular.uni-kl.de) for commutative algebra, GAP (http://www.gap-system.org) for group theory and combinatorics, and maxima (http://maxima.sourceforge.net) for symbolic computation and calculus.

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The Theorema project aims at extending current computer algebra systems by facilities for supporting mathematical proving. The present early-prototype version of the Theorema software system is implemented in Mathematica . The system consists of a general higher-order predicate logic prover and a collection of special provers that call each other depending on the particular proof situations. The individual provers imitate the proof style of human mathematicians and produce human-readable proofs in natural language presented in nested cells. The special provers are intimately connected with the functors that build up the various mathematical domains. The long-term goal of the project is to produce a complete system which supports the mathematician in creating interactive textbooks, i.e. books containing, besides the ordinary passive text, active text representing algorithms in executable format, as well as proofs which can be studied at various levels of detail, and whose routine parts can be automatically generated. This system will provide a uniform (logic and software) framework in which a working mathematician, without leaving the system, can get computer-support while looping through all phases of the mathematical problem solving cycle.

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