Oberwolfach References on Mathematical Software

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Axiom is a general purpose Computer Algebra system. It is useful for research and development of mathematical algorithms. It defines a strongly typed, mathematically correct type hierarchy. It has a programming language and a built-in compiler.

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GAP is a system for computational discrete algebra, with particular emphasis on Computational Group Theory. GAP provides a programming language, a library of thousands of functions implementing algebraic algorithms written in the GAP language as well as large data libraries of algebraic objects. GAP is used in research and teaching for studying groups and their representations, rings, vector spaces, algebras, combinatorial structures, and more. GAP is developed by international cooperation. The system, including source, is distributed freely under the terms of the GNU General Public License. You can study and easily modify or extend GAP for your special use. The current version is GAP 4, the older version GAP 3 is still available.

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KASH/KANT is a computer algebra system for sophisticated computations in algebraic number fields and global function fields. It has been developed under the project leadership of Prof. Dr. M. Pohst at Technische Universität Berlin.

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Magma is a large, well-supported software package designed to solve computationally hard problems in algebra, number theory, geometry and combinatorics. It provides a mathematically rigorous environment for computing with algebraic, number-theoretic, combinatoric and geometric objects.

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PARI/GP is a widely used computer algebra system designed for fast computations in number theory (factorizations, algebraic number theory, elliptic curves...), but also contains a large number of other useful functions to compute with mathematical entities such as matrices, polynomials, power series, algebraic numbers, etc., and a lot of transcendental functions. PARI is also available as a C library to allow for faster computations.

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SAGE is a framework for number theory, algebra, and geometry computation. It is open source and freely available under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). SAGE is a Python library with a customized interpreter. It is written in Python, C++, and C (via Pyrex). Python (http://www.python.org) is an open source object-oriented interpreted language, with a large number of libraries, e.g., for numerical analysis, which are available to users of SAGE. Python can also be accessed in library mode from C/C++ programs. SAGE provides an interface to several important open source libraries, including Cremona’s MWRANK library for computing with elliptic curves, the PARI library (pari.math.u-bordeaux.fr) for number theory, Shoup’s number theory library NTL (http://www.shoup.net/ntl/), SINGULAR (http://www.singular.uni-kl.de) for commutative algebra, GAP (http://www.gap-system.org) for group theory and combinatorics, and maxima (http://maxima.sourceforge.net) for symbolic computation and calculus.

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